Q-What is a periodontist?
A--A Periodontist is a dentist who works to prevent and treat diseases of the gums and bone around the teeth. Most periodontists are also involved in the placement and maintenance of dental implants.

Q-What is a periodontal disease?
A--Periodontal disease is a serious, chronic bacterial infection that attacks the gums and bones that support your teeth.

Q-What causes periodontal disease?
A--The major cause of periodontal disease is the buildup of plaque, which results from the overgrowth of the mouth's naturally occurring bacteria. In order to prevent the development of periodontal disease, an individual needs to maintain sound hygiene practices by brushing his / her teeth and flossing daily.

Q-What are the treatments for periodontal disease?
A--If periodontal disease is caught at an early stage (when it has not progressed beyond the point of gingivitis), it can be treated with scaling and root-planning (removing plaque around the tooth and smoothing the roots' surfaces).  If the disease progresses to a later stage, the patient may need surgical treatment, which involves cutting the gums, eliminating the hardened plaque build-up, and repairing the damaged bone.

Q-What is gingivitis?
A--Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums around the roots of the teeth.  It marks the early stage of periodontal disease, and it is characterized by red, swollen gums.